Doctors At War

war against disease in UK

Physical fitness is essential to allow your body to function throughout an entire day without fatigue. With increased fitness levels, your body becomes more efficient at performing everyday tasks, repairing itself, and functioning in general. Fitness is quite a broad term to define overall healthy really, as it incorporates endurance, cardiovascular health, strength, flexibility and agility.

When you are in a fit and healthy state, you can perform moderate exercise with the minimum of fuss, and you will particularly notice that you can perform higher intensity exercise for longer, but also that you recover quicker. You will find that you are able to perform repeat efforts with lesser rest interval in between intensive bursts. In order to perform right exercise, You will need some fitness equipment like treadmill, elliptical trainer or rowing machine. In our opinion a rowing machine is the best fitness exercise machine that you can buy at an affordable price. In this article we will be discussing about how you can choose a top quality rowing machine in UK without burning lot of your money.

What is a rowing machine

A rowing machine (also known as indoor rower) is a fitness equipment that simulates rowing a boat.A rowing machine is very beneficial for those who have cardio related problem. A rower works the back and leg muscles in unison. Rowing machines started appearing at various colleges, universities and rowing clubs in the 1950s but it wasn’t until 30 years later that they became a popular piece of exercise equipment in both health clubs and home gyms. Using a rowing machine as part of your regular routine has a number of benefits and we’d like to point a few of the major ones. Despite having lots of benefit, it is the most under used fitness equipment. In our opinion a rowing machine is better that elliptical trainer, only thing is you need to perform rowing exercise correctly. As using wrong technique can lead to injuries and pain.

Rowing Machine Benefits

top rowing machines of 2018One of the first rowing machine benefit is a fantastic way of burning fat. Exercising on this piece of equipment can be done at such a pace that it allows the user to have an extended aerobic workout. This rhythmic exercise triggers the body to start burning stored fat which can assist you in your weight loss goals. In addition to helping improve the overall condition of your body, it is also an excellent way to burn calories. An intensive session on a rower can burn up to 800 calories in an hour.

The rowing machine is also an excellent way to build and tone muscles. The motion that is required to operate your rower works both upper and lower body muscles. As you pull on the handle, you work your arms, abdominal muscles, chest and back. The reverse motion works the lower body affecting the muscle groups in your legs, hips and lower body. If you’re looking to build muscle mass, program lower distances on the machine using a higher level of resistance. If your goal is to tone your muscles, use a lower level resistance.

Using a rowing machine as part of your regular routine in an excellent way to fit in a cardio workout. This helps improve your blood flow, which in turn benefits the heart and lungs. The rowing machine is an excellent piece of equipment if you’re looking to burn excess body fat, build or tone your muscles and improve your health through a cardio workout. Most important is that you workout on regular base and with good rowing technique. If you stick with a good workout schedule it won’t take long to see results. Rowing machines have a lot of benefits for anyone that is looking to get back into shape or those that want to take their physical fitness routine to the next level.


  • Machines are suitable for many people (elderly, woman, man, children, youth). This is because you can regulate your own pace. If you are beginner, you can start slowly, just a few minutes a day with a slow pace. And gradually you will become better and better.
  • Rowing is considered an aerobic activity. It raises the heart rate and gets your blood flowing, in turn strengthening your heart and helping prevent serious diseases in the future.
  • With rowing machines you can. As you catch the handles of the rowing machine and begin to pull forward, you are engaging your pelvis and thighs. As you pull, your arms, shoulders, back, and abdomen get involved. As you slide back, your legs, hips, and torso do the brunt of the work. With regular use of a rowing machine, you’ll notice muscle toning and development in areas of the body that can be difficult to work. The backs of your upper arms, shoulders, and butt all get a good workout with proper rowing form.
  • n order to lose weight, your body must burn more calories than it takes in. Heavy rowing machine workouts can burn anywhere from 500 to 800 calories an hour. You can do your own calculation on this calories burned calculator.
  • A rowing machine will help tone and strengthen your muscles. With rowing machines you work with all the muscles and muscles burns calories more efficiently than fat. So as you row your muscle mass increases and your body will drop weight naturally.
  • A great thing about rowing machine is that is harder to row outside. You have to have a boat or rent one and you must be close to water, lake, sea or river, if you want to row. That’s a difference between rowing machine and let’s says exercise bikes, treadmills. It is better and more fun to run in the nature, that’s also with bikes. Biking in nature is great, a lot of fun, it’s healthier than indoor and even cheaper than buying a good exercise bike.

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Many who unfortunately experience the pain of bunions seek bunion treatment for swelling and inflammation often associated with this condition. Bunions are characterized as the inflammation of the bone and tissue around the joint at the tip of the base of the large toe, also known as the metatarsophalangeal joint. Bunions cause huge bumps to occur on the joint of the large toe. These bumps force the large toe to become displaced and turn inward toward the second toe, which causes surrounding tissues to become inflamed.

When seeking bunions treatment options, there are two main methods: non surgical and surgical available at the current time. Both provide relief of swelling, inflammation, and pain brought on by bunions. If you are looking for non surgical option, then you can use bunion corrector. Here you can find many good bunion corrector in UK at an affordable price.

Non Surgical Bunion Correction – The Facts

Often, non surgical bunion treatments are pursued to reduce pressure on the large toe and alleviate pain. Wearing roomy shoes is a popular method of providing bunion relief.  Typically, shoes with low or flat heels, with proper arch supports are best; it is important to avoid shoes that are tight, narrow, or have high-heels, seeing as they can easily stimulate bunion foot pain and swelling. These bunion pads are recommended because they easily remove pressure from the large toe and redistribute weight when walking, which takes pressure off of the large toe. A qualified health professional can often assist in finding the best pads for your bunion foot condition.

bunionMoleskin and felt patches are bunions treatment options often recommended. The use of these patches stops the bunion from coming in contact with shoes, which can be very comforting, especially when walking or running. In addition to moleskin and felt patches, nonprescription medication is recommended as a popular non surgical treatment for bunions to reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation.

Common non-prescriptive medications include: acetaminophen; and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as aspirin, and ibuprofen. When taken as directed, these non-prescriptive medications easily reduce pain, swelling, and inflammation. The use of ice is also a common foot bunion remedy. Cold compresses, applied for 10-to-20 minutes at at time greatly reduce inflammation brought on by bunions.

When applying cold compresses, it is also recommended to elevate the feet above the head, which reduces excessive blood pooling in the feet. Possibly the most effective non surgical bunion treatment methods are physical therapy, splints, and braces. Each of these methods have been successfully proven to quickly relieve symptoms brought about by bunions, although temporarily. While avoiding a long bunion surgery recovery time of many months is an incentive to pursue other forms of bunion relief, bunion surgery is also recommended.

Tips for Bunion pain relief

By icing bunions, properly caring for them, using spacers, soaking the foot, and using over-the-counter pain relievers, sufferers of this condition can easily find a cure for bunion pain. Using ice is a common method of achieving bunion relief. If the bunions on your feet are swollen or inflamed, a cold cloth or compress can easily provide pain relief. Simply place some ice in a cloth or use an ice pack, and apply it directly to your bunions. Ten to fifteen minutes should suffice; the cold ice easily reduces the swelling. In addition to ice, proper care and treatment also provide painful bunion relief.

Pain Relief for Bunions Using Spacers

bunion corrector UKUsing spacers, also called bunion splints, is a common method of relieving bunion pain. Bunions usually cause the joint of the big toe to become enlarged, which results in the big toe being pushed into the other toes. There are many types of devices on the market that are designed to keep these two toes apart. Non-surgical treatments may even work so well that you’ll think you did indeed get rid of bunions for good. Bunion splints essentially work in one of two ways, some combining both. Some bunion splints are designed to be worn while you sleep, while others are for use during the day. We have had our patients try all of them and below are the ones we find work the best.

But if you’re not consistent – if you slide back into old habits like wearing sassy, five-inch heels – or you stop protecting your bunions, the symptoms may come back and the progression of the unsightly deformity will continue. Firstly, they can help correct the deformity at the toe, bringing it back into a normal position. Certain versions can fit under socks and can be worn during sporting activities and exercise. Keep in mind that there is no evidence that any of these devices provide any long term correction. This prevents stiffness and tightness developing in the joint and surrounding soft tissues, relieving symptoms and helping to stop the progression of the toe deviation.

Some splits are very rigid and firm, while others are soft and bendable. They just keep the toes apart and straighter while you wear them. Some splints are designed to push your big toe back into the right position, while others are designed to pull your toe.

Get Rid of Pain by Soaking Bunions

There is no evidence in the medical literature to support the use of splints or foot supports to correct bunion. However the deformity will still progress and enlarge. Patients may simply wear wider shoes to accommodate the painful bunion. If changing the footwear is not acceptable then the patient may elect to have corrective surgery.

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For tens of millions of people across the United Kingdom, the ability to breathe normally has been slowly and silently stolen away. These individuals suffer from Pulmonary Disease or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Pulmonary Disease is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Current estimates suggest that 16 million Americans have been diagnosed with some form of Pulmonary Disease and as many as 16 million more are undiagnosed.

The main function of the lungs is to provide oxygen to and remove carbon dioxide from the blood. Pulmonary Disease, a term used to describe conditions such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma, inhibits the body’s ability to perform this function. The reasons for this inhibition vary by disease.

  • Emphysema. In the lungs there are very small tubes called bronchioles. The smallest bronchioles end in tiny elastic air sacs called alveoli. Blood vessels in the alveoli walls allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to take place. With emphysema, the walls of the alveoli are damaged by inflammation. They can lose their natural elasticity, become overstretched, and rupture. When several adjacent alveoli rupture, a large space forms causing bronchioles to collapse, and trapping air that needs to be exhaled.
  • Chronic bronchitis. This condition refers to long-term inflammation and thickening of the walls of the main entryways into the lungs, the bronchial tubes. This thickening narrows the bronchial tubes thus allowing less air to enter and often leading to coughing spells. In addition, the glands of the bronchial tubes may produce excessive mucous, increasing the congestion in the lungs and further impeding the breathing process.
  • Asthma. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways resulting from swelling and excessive mucous. The airways may become further blocked when an irritant, or trigger, causes spasms of the bronchial passages and results in coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing.

Pulmonary Hypertension and Heart Failure
High blood pressure in the arteries transporting blood from the heart to the lungs, the pulmonary arteries, is referred to as pulmonary hypertension. As the blood is pumped through the arteries in the lungs it receives oxygen; this oxygenated blood returns to the heart where it is then transported to the rest of the body through the aorta and other arteries. Injury or changes to the pulmonary artery can cause the artery to tighten, limiting the passage of blood, and increasing the pressure in the artery. If you suspect that you or any of your loved ones have pulmonary disease then get it checked by your doctor. You can also buy a good pulse oximeter for COPD.

Pulmonary hypertension may occur without symptoms making it difficult to diagnose. Pulmonary hypertension is often not diagnosed until symptoms of congestive heart failure appear.

What is Pulse Oximeter

Pulse oximetry is a technology used to measure the oxygen level in your blood and your heart rate. A clip-like device called a probe is placed on a body part, such as a finger or ear lobe. Regardless of the reading, one should treat the patient first. The device passes two wavelengths of light through the body part to a photodetector. A finger pulse oximeter is equipped with technology to rapidly detect changes in your blood oxygen level.

The probe uses light to measure how much oxygen is in the blood. The reading is only one of several important assessment criterions. It measures the changing absorbance at each of the wavelengths, allowing it to determine the absorbances due to the pulsing arterial blood alone, excluding venous blood, skin, bone, muscle, fat, and (in most cases) nail polish. It can help give you the knowledge you need to take control of your condition. This information helps the healthcare provider decide if a person needs extra oxygen.

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Air pollution is the presence of harmful materials in the air around us, including particulates, smoke and waste gasses. It causes death and illness in humans, animals and even plants if left unchecked. Air pollution inside homes and outdoors in urban areas are considered the most dangerous examples of pollution, and according to the World Health Organisation, kill at least 7 million people every year worldwide.

What makes up air pollution?

There are many different types of pollutants, but the most important to our health are:

  • particulate matter
  • carbon monoxide
  • sulphur dioxide
  • nitrogen oxides
  • volatile organic compounds
  • ozone

Particulate matter is most often ash, released during any form of combustion. Larger particulates (10 micrometres or more in diameter) are most often found near roadways and some factories. Smaller particulates (2.5 micrometres or less) often form as secondary pollutants.

Nitrous oxides are predominately emitted from motor vehicles, whilst carbon monoxide forms during combustion.

Sulphur dioxideis formed when burning sulphurous materials such as coal or gas.

Ozone is a secondary pollutant formed as part of a wide variety of chemical reactions catalysed by sunlight.

Almost all of these types of pollution are caused by people. For example, only 1% of sulphur dioxide is naturally occurring at the earth’s surface. The other 99% is from human action. Many of these chemicals are not themselves greenhouse gases – the chemicals that cause global warming – but are often formed in the same processes.

Pollutants can be primary – emitted directly from a source, or secondary.
Secondary pollutants form when primary pollutants interact with the environment, usually water or sunlight. Smog, peroxyacetyl nitrate and ground level ozone are common secondary air pollutants.

Where does pollution come from?

Pollution has many different sources. Some natural sources of pollution include:

  • volcanic eruptions
  • forest fires
  • dust and pollen

While harmful, natural pollution tends to be brief in duration, and are not centered around cities in the way that man-made or artificial pollution is, so is less of a threat. Some harmful gases like carbon monoxide are odorless and colorless and hence we human will not able to see or smell it if they are present around us. But carbon monoxide are very harmful and it is important that we keep this gas under control. There are various carbon monoxide alarm and detector in UK that can detect their presence. The most harmful sources of artificial pollution include:

  • factories
  • furnaces and incinerators
  • motor vehicle exhaust, including cars, ships and aircraft
  • Solvents and fumes, as from paint, hair spray and chemicals
  • Landfill waste gasses, such as methane

As you can see, the sources of man-made pollution tend to be located in and around cities, and emit a fairly constant amount of harmful material into the air. As a result these pollutants form the greatest threat to human health, especially those who are especially vulnerable due to age, illness or pregnancy.

How does the weather affect air ploution?

Carbon Monoxide Air PollutionThe day to day air quality of an area depends on many variables. Some of the most important factors in the amount of pollutants we actually breathe depend on the weather.

  • Rain can remove sulphur dioxide and coal pollutants from the air, but results in acid rain and polluted water.
  • Temperature inversions can trap large amounts of pollutants within the area of a city, preventing them from being blown away into the atmosphere in general.
  • Winter smog, what many people associate with London, accumulates when the emissions of factories and vehicles become too dense.
  • Photochemical smog, more associated with Beijing and many other Chinese cities, is a form of secondary pollution formed when primary pollutants interact with sunlight. It is composed of ozone, aldehydes, and other chemicals.

Inside air can become polluted as well!
It is important to realise that pollution doesn’t just occur outside. The air in our homes and at work can be 50-80% as polluted as the air outside. As we spend around 90% of our lives indoors, this is the type of pollution that has the greatest impact on our health.

Carbon Monoxide and dangers to our health

Carbon Monoxide or CO, is a toxic gas that you cannot see or smell. The industrial processes where carbon monoxide may be produced include: metal manufacturing, electricity supply, mining metal ore and coal, food manufacturing, extracting oil and gas from land or sea, production of chemicals, cement lime, plaster and concrete manufacturing, and petroleum refining. Diagnosing carbon monoxide poisoning can be difficult as it can simulate many other conditions. The effects depend on how much carbon monoxide is in the air, how long it is breathed, and how healthy, active, and sensitive to CO an individual is. CO is given off whenever fuel or other carbon-based materials are burned.

The locations that continue to have high concentrations of CO tend to have topographical or meteorological characteristics that exacerbate pollution; for example, strong temperature inversions or the existence of nearby hills that inhibit wind flow may limit pollutant dispersion. According to statistics from the Department of Health, the most common indication of CO poisoning is a headache (90% of patients), nausea and vomiting (50%), vertigo (50%), confusion/changes in consciousness (30%), and weakness (20%). The beginning symptoms of CO poisoning are sometimes compared to the symptoms of food poisoning. Exposure to CO is worse for older people, fetuses, and people with heart, circulatory, or lung disease. CO usually comes from sources in or near your home that are not properly maintained or vented. As can be seen from the table, the symptoms vary widely based on exposure level, duration and the general health and age on an individual.

Most people have experienced some of these symptoms at one time or another, which doesn’t necessarily mean that CO poisoning caused them. The highest levels of CO typically occur during the colder months of the year when inversion conditions (when the air pollution becomes trapped near the ground beneath a layer of warm air) are more frequent. If untreated, exposure to carbon monoxide gas can prevent red blood cells from carrying oxygen to body tissue. Also note the one recurrent theme that is most significant in the recognition of carbon monoxide poisoning – headache, dizziness and nausea. Carbon monoxide detectors, which are designed to protect against high concentration of carbon monoxide are required to sound an alarm when concentrations are greater than 100 ppm.

Once carbon monoxide attaches, it is very difficult to release. Long term effects can include brain damage, including problems with memory, mood, behaviour and language. So if you breath in carbon monoxide, it sticks to your hemoglobin and takes up all of the oxygen binding sites. In order to assess whether low level carbon monoxide exposure is, in fact, a problem in the UK, two important factors need to be taken into account: the number of people potentially affected by low levels of CO in their homes, and the severity and likelihood of long term effects. Eventually, your blood loses all of its ability to transport oxygen, and you suffocate.

Why You need carbon monoxide detector

Carbon Monoxide Alarm 2018Carbon monoxide alarms are designed to alert the homeowner when carbon monoxide levels accumulate over a period of time, and will alarm before most people would experience any symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning. By having an alarm fitted you will be warned before the carbon monoxide presence reaches a dangerous level. In the home or at a commercial facility you can frequently find carbon monoxide has developed from a flame fueled oven, dryer, furnace, grill, space heater or water heater. Once you’ve chosen the right CO detector for your home, you must consider where to place the devices. Installing carbon monoxide alarms with electrochemical sensing technology in the home also provide sufficient protection for residents.

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